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Types of Achilles Tendon Injuries

Monday, 05 October 2020 00:00

Tendons are bands of tissue that connect muscles and bones together. The Achilles tendon is located on the back of the ankle and connects the calf muscles to the heel. Tendonitis occurs when the tendon becomes inflamed. Tendinosis occurs when the tendon degenerates, usually due to overuse. Paratenonitis is a result of tissue around the tendon becoming inflamed and thickened, eventually attaching to the tendon. Insertional Achilles tendinopathy happens when the fibers attaching to the heel bone inflame and eventually degenerate. Another serious injury that can happen is an Achilles tendon rupture, which will make walking and standing extremely difficult and will likely require surgery. Because of the seriousness of Achilles tendon injuries, seeing a podiatrist for diagnosis and treatment is very important.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Port Richmond Family Footcare. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Lumberton, NJ, Penn Boulevard, and Allegheny Avenue, in Philadelphia . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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